Gum Disease


Over 47% of Americans 30 and older have some type of gum disease, such as gingivitis or periodontitis. At Aesthetic Dentistry of Noe Valley in San Francisco, California, cosmetic and general dentists Aref Natour, DDS, Nisha Krishnaiah, DDS, and the team specialize in diagnosing and treating gum disease. After an exam and oral X-rays, they can make custom care recommendations. Call the office to receive treatment for gum disease today or book online.

What is gum disease?

Gum disease damages the tissues that support your teeth. It occurs when plaque –– a mix of food particles, harmful bacteria, and saliva –– collects on the surfaces of your teeth and beneath your gums. Over time, the plaque hardens, causing irritation and inflammation. Without treatment, your gums recede (pull away from your teeth).

What are the types of gum disease?

The Aesthetic Dentistry of Noe Valley team treats both types of gum disease:



Gingivitis is a mild infection characterized by red, swollen, or puffy gums. When diagnosed early on, it’s possible to cure the infection and prevent it from spreading. 



Periodontitis occurs when gingivitis remains untreated. As the infection spreads, it causes your gums to recede and form pockets around your teeth. Harmful bacteria collect in these pockets, eating away at the bone that anchors your teeth.

Regardless of type, if you think you may have gum disease, contact Aesthetic Dentistry of Noe Valley today.

How is gum disease diagnosed?

Your Aesthetic Dentistry of Noe Valley provider reviews your dental records and completes an oral exam. They check your gums for signs of inflammation, like redness or swelling, and use a special tool, called a periodontal probe, to measure the pockets around your teeth. 

If the team determines you have gum disease, they make custom treatment recommendations.

How is gum disease treated?

Treatment of gum disease depends on the type and severity of the infection. The team might recommend:


Scaling and root planing

Scaling and root planing treats gingivitis. Your dentist uses special tools to remove plaque from the base of your teeth and beneath your gumline. This process smooths out your tooth roots, allowing your gums to reattach to your teeth.


Antibiotic therapy

Antibiotic therapy uses oral antibiotics or implantable antibiotic beads to eliminate harmful bacteria from your mouth. Killing the bacteria with antibiotics stops the infection from spreading, preserving the rest of your gum tissue.


Flap surgery

Flap surgery is a treatment for receding gums. Your dentist removes a small piece of tissue from the roof of your mouth and stitches it over your receding gums. After placement, the flap fuses with your gum tissue, restoring your gum line to its near-original condition.

Call Aesthetic Dentistry of Noe Valley to receive treatment for gum disease today, or book online.

We are committed to providing healthcare to families located in the San Francisco area and treat patients of all ages.